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Discussion of the Law

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Kodi Legal Issues

At the moment, there’s much confusion about copyright laws and the how this affects the ability to stream films and TV shows online.   The arguments seem to be focussing on media streaming boxes installed with software called Kodi which effectively facilitates streaming subscription only services.

It’s not surprising these boxes have become so popular, for a small one off investment, you can purchase a box which gives full access to subscription services like Sky which can cost nearly £100 a month.  The android based media streamer bypasses the subscription requirements and enables you to watch the latest cinema and TV.   Companies like Sky are obviously not impressed with this, maintaining that it is little more than theft, you can see their point when they pay out billions in copyright and licensing fees only to see all their programmes streamed through a Russian server for nothing.

The Court of Justice of the European Union, probably the forerunner in trying to establish some sort of order in the digital world has ruled that you’re not actually breaking the law by streaming content.   So tools which allow this are perfectly fine too, you can stream via a VPN or sit and watch the Test match on your Kodi box.  So presumably are the millions of people who use things like Smart DNS and proxies to change their Netflix region although they would be merely switching their subscription rather than avoiding it.

There are lots of complications though and much seems to be centred on the Kodi software.  At it’s core, it’s merely a piece of software which streams movies over the internet, however to individuals it’s much more.   When you use Kodi with all the various add-ons available it can provide access to just about any piece of media on the internet – legitimate or stolen.  After installation no real technical knowledge is required, in fact many of the pre-loaded boxed look remarkably similar to the media boxes provided by the media companies themselves.

It is however these boxes which are being targeted by the authorities as being the most likely route to making downloading copyrighted material a criminal offence.    The problem for them is at the moment the EU copyright exemption makes streaming and viewing different from making a physical copy or downloading,  Which is why no Kodi user has yet been successfully prosecuted.

The manufacturers and retailers however look first in the firing line, in the UK there have been several raids on individuals who are selling pre-configured and installed Kodi boxes.  They seem to be much more of a priority for companies to target as opposed to providers such as VPN services which perform a totally legitimate service of security.  These battles seem to be being fought on a technical level rather than a legal one – read this My VPN Stopped Working.

It is likely though that eventually using a pre-installed Kodi box to download or stream copyrighted material is going to land you in trouble.  It’s actually fairly easy to detect users and if it becomes illegal, you can be assured that a big clampdown would follow as it’s already costing companies like SKy millions every year in lost subscriptions.

Polish Torrents Legal Claims

There are of course lots of ways to make money on the internet as I’m sure you’ve seen thousands of emails and web adverts describing over the years.  Some methods, although not illegal are not quite as savory as others including the rather unpleasant tactic of copyright trolling.  We first saw this about 10 years ago when a UK law firm called ACS Law started trying to extort money off individuals who had downloaded movies, story here.   However it’s developed over the years and appeared in many areas of the world – usually under the pseudonym of ‘copyright trolling’.

The concept consists of the copyright holder (or fee earning agent) trawling the internet looking for IP addresses who have downloaded their movies or music from torrent or file sharing sites.   They will then obtain the names and addresses or the people who are associated with those IP addresses and send them copyright claims.  It’s normally a threat of legal action with an option to settle for a specific amount, it can be extremely lucrative for the copyright owner particularly in the case of downloaded pornography. People don’t realise that they can be tracked down to their IP addresses if they’re using their home connections and that anonymous torrenting is something you need to take technical steps to achieve.

Imagine their millions of people using file sharing and torrent sites every day to download copyrighted materials completely unaware of the risks.  What’s more a large percentage who would probably rather pay up than a potentially embarrassing court appearance, which is what these trolls rely on.   It’s kind of like legalized extortion with the companies usually claiming the moral high ground but are more interested in making some easy money.

Poland seems to be the latest battleground subject to these tactics with hundreds of people being visited by the police seizing the computers of people who have allegedly download a comedy film called ‘Screwed’.   Presumably the police have obtained the IP and physical addresses from their ISPs although this doesn’t seem clear at the moment.  It’s a much more aggressive approach than happened in the UK where it was simply a civil case which didn’t involve the police or criminal courts.

The action is said to be aimed only at active uploaders and distributors of the copyrighted material.  However as every one using a standard torrent client will be uploading and sharing at the same time, this doesn’t really exclude anyone. It all sounds very suspicious and the involvement of the Polish police is extremely worrying as they seem to be seizing equipment and advising suspects to settle the demands outside court.   Standards of evidence collection and impartiality don’t seem that important in this situation, particularly as there are many scenarios where the technical information can be misleading.


New Dutch Law Threatens Single Digital Market

One of the biggest problem with establishing laws on the internet is everyone has their own idea of what’s required.  For you the digital individual can sit in one country and interact, buy, sell and chat with people and businesses in a host of other countries.  Every country has their own laws and it’s very confusing which should apply!  The European Union is attempting to establish a set of rules for a Digital Single Market (DSM) but it’s extremely difficult as each country still has it’s own internet based rules and regulations too.

Best VPN for Netflix

Take for example the new Internet neutrality laws adopted by the Netherlands this month, a single law or actually an amendment to their Telecommunications act banning zero rating in the case of certain services or categories. Nothing particularly controversial, yet it illustrates the difficulty in unifying digital markets simply because it contravenes what Europe has already decided that National regulators decide zero rating pricing on a case-by-case basis.

Meanwhile of course commercial enterprises have a slightly different agenda, T-Mobile Netherlands have launched something called ‘Music Freedom’ which allows customers unmetered access to music streaming services.  This offer also potentially violates the new net neutrality laws.

None of the laws are particularly restrictive and often represent a desire to protect the consumers.  However it is easy to see how individual countries passing hundreds of specific internet and telecoms laws will undermine a single digital market.  Combined with both individuals and companies also trying to implement their own specific choices makes for a formidable challenge.

At the moment individual consumers have to use technical skills and IP changing software to access digital products which are bought in one European country if they travel to another.  Yet the companies don’t like this for a variety of reasons and it’s why you’ll find things like Netflix VPN bans – here – mainly they say to enforce licensing restrictions imposed on them.

The Case for Restorative Justice

It’s appealing at least on a moral level, the offender has to reestablish the price tag of his crime, or offer a type of compensation. For example, if he vandalizes a car, that person must pay for the repairs. Often he is not fully aware of all the damages that have been caused, so confronting this issue aims to solve this. Additionally, offenders have to follow victims’ stories and face until the reality of what it is that they have done.


The victim plays a significant role in this procedure and usually receives some kind of restitution from the offender, whether it’s monetary, community assistance, or whatever other services they might be able to provide. He or she may have in mind what an appropriate restitution plan might entail. He or she then described how he and his neighbour had been affected. For example, he or she may provide further information in relation to the background or the impact of the offence.  This can be done in a variety of ways, simply meeting the victim or often a presentation might be created by a legal team perhaps by using some online video editor free.

It is necessary to likewise concentrate on analyzing the victims of a crime because they can lead to a thriving arrest. When an actual victim of severe crime is in the room, it may have a major effect on re-offending.

There are numerous forms of restorative justice. Restorative justice, nevertheless, is no out-of-the-box solution. To be certain, restorative justice isn’t a simple fix. The method unlike things like statutory law is grounded in a completely different logic, based primarily on philosophy, and practice. Restorative justice stipulates a totally different manner of thinking about crime and victimization. Restorative justice takes a significant paradigm shift for everybody involved. Restorative justice empowers students to resolve conflicts by themselves and in little groups, and it’s an increasing practice at schools across the nation.

Restorative Justice is increasing exponentially in the usa. Restorative justice looks like the absolute most efficient way to start rebuilding. Soon restorative justice could possibly be the norm instead of the exception in regards to school discipline. In this manner, restorative justice appears to fit much more with the fundamentals of evidence-based practice.

Programs employing restorative principles get the central target of addressing the requirements of victims. Today restorative justice programs are found around the world. There is a multitude of programs and ideas connected with restorative justice.

Regrettably, the feudal system of justice has a severe flaw since it devalues the very individuals who hold the secret to its daily life and regeneration. The criminal justice process is second just to the educational process in the quantity of fads and experiments that temporarily course during the expert ranks. As opposed to the individual harmed who retaliates, it’s our justice system which strikes back on the victim’s behalf.

The retributive the heart of our present system has spawned the greatest absolute and per capita incarceration speeds in the history of earth. In addition, It has been driven by means of an urge to hold offenders truly accountable. From a victims’ perspective, among the reasons the conventional unlawful justice process is inadequate is it doesn’t have authority to call upon the full array of governmental resources necessary to fulfill the requirements of victims. Second, the requirements of victims ought to be adequately addressed. Moreover, it supplies help for the offender to be able to steer clear of future offences.

Jack Hargreaves

Immigration Specialist and Lawyers

Immigration attorneys also handle the application procedure and procedures involved with neutralizing foreigners who wish to become US citizens. Any forms associated with the US immigration should be submitted and filed with this particular agency. This informative article looks briefly at the last year along with the issues which have arisen in the area of US Immigration. Because of it being a department of america federal government, many immigrants are quite intimidated when they need to cope with the USA Immigration and Naturalization agency.


While this kind of attorney can often help speed up and smooth out the process, the expense to retain legal counsel for assistance with US immigration is generally not an option for several. You have to make sure your attorney is just a member of a minimum of one immigration lawyers association. You could also appoint an internet immigration lawyer to provide you with only advice.  Just have a search online in a location which is convenient, although if you’re outside the country you might need to spoof my IP address to access region locked websites. You need to pose as many questions that you can to your immigration lawyer.

To come across professionals which are seasoned in handling immigration, you might need a seasoned immigration law firm. Immigration laws also cope with asylum seekers. The attorneys also handle the legal issues connected with people that are refugees or seeking asylum. Immigration attorneys continuously monitor the hottest changes in immigration policy, legislation and procedures to be able to make certain their clients fully reap the benefits of the most up-to-date info.

Nonetheless of the results of the review, in the long run, you’ll have a better insight in your case and you may be educated of all of your immigration choices. As somebody who helps different folks periodically with immigration matters, this is really a fantastic reference to get. It needs to be remembered that there’s also a great heap of controversy surrounding emigration, especially from selected countries and particular portions of the world. There are a lot of people steps within the procedure to make this type of dream a reality and passing the US citizenship test is among the crucial steps.

A good number of these businesses are made to help individuals throughout the immigration process and possess a staff that are fluent in a range of languages to help overcome the language issue. Prior to making a final decision to really go through with US immigration, be certain to seek out good info, suggestions and input from others, in order to understand what the full process entails.  When you connect online try and use residential VPN services as they look like legitimate US web accounts.

The fee structure for the necessary forms has just been moderately raised. For this particular reason, it will always be best to have the latest editions, and also to check to make certain any law you’re relying on is still fantastic law and hasn’t been changed. In a few cases, the petitioner and beneficiary opt to manage the Immigration matter by themselves and in those situations a form G-28 will never be filed.

The other advantage to seeking out such aid, whether from a lawyer or from among the many businesses offering immigration solutions, is they can greatly aid in the avoidance of missteps within the citizenship procedure. In the instance of immigration bonds it’s the federal government with which you’re dealing. With these sorts of costs only for filing the correct forms, it is simple to observe why seeking to gain US citizenship is just too expensive for many. To find out more about immigration bond contact a neighborhood bail bond company.

Discussing the Gun Control Options

Proponents of gun control appear to believe the Amendment isn’t absolute. It is needed, and it can be accomplished. The next amendment right permits us to own guns. Safe gun storage probably will be near the highest part of the listing of new gun laws.


They are able to carry on airplanes if they’re Federal Officers. They don’t have any guns for citizens. No, there will not be any tyranny by gun in the USA.

With the world wide web, what an individual can’t accomplish with a high-powered rifle, an individual could probably learn how to do with homemade explosives. Once the president started to discuss gun control, gun enthusiasts renewed their rush to buy guns and ammunition. It doesn’t go into various selection of guns or what’s the difference between riffles, shotguns and handguns. It generally does not safeguard our right to get automatic firearms, nor does this give any hint in any respect that it merely protects the right of our military to carry guns.  It is a worry what people can learn about firearms though especially using the web, obviously some of it is monitored by the security services but how much is hidden using proxies and VPNs like this online IP changer.

The typical criminal will not own a machine gun, and they’re far out numbered by ordinary morons that have a stock pile of every weapon you are able to think of within the gun cabinet.So yes. There’s also an extra two hours of training in the gun range about the actual use and security essentials of handling a firearm.

No consideration needs to be given to simple collectors in regards to gun control, make them collect stamps. The pro-gun, or what is generally called gun nuts, possess the firm belief the American people possess the right to not just carry a gun, yet to carry any form of gun which they want, while anti-gun groups need to get cleared of the right to carry a gun all together unless that individual is really a soldier or police officer.

You’ve got enough legal stuff below your pillow and on your own gun rack. They’ve gunshot monitors that may pinpoint the location of the fired gun inside a few feet. As it’s now, everyone can go into a shop and get any gun they desire. If a person would like to kill you or do harm to your own family members, I don’t think having a gun is likely to change that.

People would just begin shooting at anyone by using their gun drawn. Women are encouraged to be in possession of a firearm. Gun violence isn’t racial either here.

Those with guns hidden within the woods will soon be questioned regarding where their guns are. Much like drugs, making guns illegal won’t secure rid of them. They are going to bury their guns and ammo within the woods. Quite simply, if they have guns we ought to be permitted to not only have them too, but in addition be permitted to possess the exact same ones they do.

Guns are really not the issue, crazy, sic, mentally unstable individuals with guns are. The problem is that these people can do way more damage with a semi-automatic weapon than they can with a knife, we only have to watch the latest developments on BBC World News streaming to our laptops to see the truth in that.

In today’s world, many particularly in the US consider gun ownership is really an acceptable means of safeguarding your life from criminal elements. Carrying a stun gun is a superb approach to offer protection for yourself and your family members, but additionally it has a particular quantity of responsibility. So here is another group which should become hardly any consideration in regards to gun control. The gun enthusiast want to utilize the slippery slope argument.

A Primer on Equality Law

The very first section of Equity is Equality. Here is Equality from starting to end. Here is what you have to know more about the new law. In the aforementioned lawsuit, the worker should first prove there’s a wage difference.

Law is usually defined as a method of rules and regulations which are equal for everybody and are enforced through a pack of institutions. The Equality Act 2010 was made to offer comprehensive legal protection against the injustice due to status discrimination’. For him, the fresh law doesn’t reflect realities on the ground. For them, this law will produce more problems within the home than it is going to solve.


Among the most significant innovations is really a procedure for contract compliance that is certainly consistent with EC public procurement law. A number of other states are now pursuing similar legislation. Besides that, the requirements are very different in each and every state. You could also consider selecting a student medical insurance plan for your own child if they’re close to an age that no longer allows them all to be covered by your present insurance plan.

Equality needs a greater level of group pluralism. Where Caste is, there may not be Equality. Within this light, there’s a particular utopianism about the modern equality movement. Yet both bodies of law proved generally treated as conceptually distinct.   In many countries you are not even allowed to access ordinary web sites and services whatever sex you are.    This is normally dependent on your location and your network address, for example a UK or French IP address would be able to access most content on the web except for specific region locked stuff.

Wellness is wealth is a rather popular saying. Indeed, gender equality is not just about women. Equality between women and men.

Of course equality can vary hugely depending on where you are, take Texas for example which has a superior risk pool for people that have been declined, due to health conditions. Contingent upon the individual’s condition they require different spans of care. This is perfect for individuals that are students but have dependents, like children along with a spouse.

If you’re self-employed as well as your company begins to have more clients, then you ought to get medical insurance through an expert employers association that may give insurance to small businesses less the exorbitant fees. That’s unless you’re a solitary small business proprietor in which case an individual medical insurance policy would be best. Here you’re supposed to prove it to the insurance policy company the job loss isn’t voluntarily. Actually, companies aren’t made to insure you.

Private medical insurance does not have to be difficult for anybody to obtain as there are lots of providers who are willing to do as such. Additionally, many health care providers don’t choose to split the actual expenses of services with the general public. It’s essential not merely for the standard individuals but additionally for the individuals with disability. Individuals who are employed in some specific occupations are entitled to insurance policy through their professional bodies or unions and certainly will be more fortunate with an insurance policy policy that’s specifically geared to their own needs.

One suspects the equality-label is generally used precisely due to its malleability within an age of moral uncertainty. It’s worth remembering that in the majority of secular accounts of the law, both of these sets of cases are rather minor footnotes. That still excludes a whole lot of people. There aren’t any ethics in biology.

No matter the case you must now qualify for group insurance. This way, you’ll have lower costs to cover under COBRA. If you’re able to not afford premiums in any way, there are lots of helpful government and private plans that might help. By spreading liability over thousands as an alternative to only a few, insurance companies have the ability to offer lower rates to associations.

Further Reading:

More Information on Using a UK VPN

Brexit Law Changes

For the last few decades much of Britain’s employment laws have been based on EU directives and legislation.  Unfortunately it is not clear what if anything will change, indeed it is important to remember that the Brexit capmapigners have no actual control over  these laws even if we leave the EU as the majority are not in Government.

Here’s a few of the main issues:

Transfer of Employment

A set of regulations called TUPE which ensure that employment and conditions are transferred when a business or services changes ownership.  This offers significant protection for employees and their terms of services.  Will a UK government carry on with TUPE.

Agency Workers

The EU has introduced a lot of protection for agency workers ensuring that if they work for 12 weeks they will be entitled to the same basic working and employment conditions of permanent workers recruited directly by the company.  This was extremely controversial in the UK and it’s distinctly possible that this will be replaced.

Health and Safety

The EU has introduced a lot of health and safety legislation often with a lot of opposition in the UK, many who argue that it is burdensome and oppressive. It is unclear how much would be retained or replaced.


Another areas heavily influenced by European law, in fact pretty much all of the UK discrimination laws have an EU component.  Protections on grounds of disability, sex, race and religion have all been strengthened by EU law.  Although possible that  these could be weakened following an exit from the EU it is probably unlikely this would happen.

Holiday Payments

Another important area that has been influenced by the European Union.  Latest improvements include the rulings that holiday pay should include their full earnings rather than just the basic salary.   Many expect this to change if a UK government had the ability to control this issue.

Digital Market Place

An important area that is currently in development, many UK citizens earn their living online making and selling digital services and computer software like Identity Cloaker.   Overall the market for digital products across the world is confusing tangle of conflicting rights and regulations.  The EU is trying to produce a single market for digital products to help alleviate this situation.

Further Reading

John Williams, IP Cloaker, Black Swan Productions, 2015

Pakistani Blasphemy Laws – Man Arrested

Throughout the world there are some very strict religious laws, and Pakistan has some of the most inflexible.  Last week Pakistani police sweeped down on the home of Jahanzaib Khaskhili in the town of Tando Adam.    His crime was unclear at first but it was soon revealed to be for the selling of shoes which carried a sacred Hindu symbol on them.

The shoes carried the ‘om’ symbol which is held sacred in the Hindu religion.  The arrest was supported by the local Hindu community leaders who called for the shopkeeper to be punished for this supposed crime.   The blasphemy laws sound quite reasonable on first glance simply making it a crime to insylt any of the major religions, There are specific extremist sections too though including defiling the Koran or insulting a certain Prophet Mohammad which carry either a life sentence or a mandatory death sentence.


So what’s going to happen to the poor shopkeeper? Well the sentence for his particular ‘crime’ is slightly more lenient but still could be up to 10 years in jail plus some sort of fine.  Ali is reported to be cooperating with the police and authorities and is claiming he was completely unaware that he was committing a crime.   The police chief seemed to be sympathetic to these claims and is likely to be lenient.

They were also now pursuing the supplier of the footwear, who is also based in Pakistan but in the neighboring Punjab province.

What is evident though that visitors to Pakistan should be extremely careful about what hey do or say when in Pakistan.  It is easy for visitors from liberal areas like Europe to inadvertently break strict laws especially around religion.  It’s best to avoid any discussions or situations involving religions unless you are actively participating.

If you’re using the internet and or messaging try to use only protected or secure sites.  In fact it’s advisable to only post anonymously on social media sites, plus use encryption to protect your actual data and connection.   Many people in these countries routinely use a VPN like this to protect themselves and of course access region locked internet sites.


James Jennings, author: UK Proxy Online: 2012 Nomad Publishing

More Strange Laws – Holiday Fun

Every country has a few of them, those strange laws which nobody seems to know the reason for but can ultimately land you in a  lot of trouble.    There are of course often sensible reasons behind some of they can be difficult to predict particularly for an outside.  These are not always in far flung exotic places either – check out some of these below.

France have a lot of laws, they are on the whole fairly sensible but it’s unlikely that everyone abides by all of them.  For example there is a law in place covering motorists, which states that every car driver must carry a high visibility best with them whilst travelling.  If you are caught without one, you can face a fine of just over £100.


Other laws are slightly more predicable but  still a bit strange for a westerner to comprehend.  For example it’s best not to get too amorous in public whilst in Dubai.  In 2010 a UK couple spent a month in a Dubai jail after being caught kissing in a restaurant.   Others have faced even more serious sentences for similar offences.  You can also get in trouble for doing anything like this over the internet, so be careful what you stream over the internet using this best VPN for Netflix !

What could possibly happen in the laid back Caribbean, where we suspect the police probably spend a lot of time relaxing and taking naps.  But beware, be careful what you wear there, in the Caribbean for  some inexplicable reason it is an offence to wear camouflage clothing.

Most people would of course expect there to be some tough drug laws out there particularly in the middle eastern countries but even then they might surprise you.  For example in the United Arab Emirates, you don’t need to be carrying them – the slightest trace in your bloodstream is enough to land you a hefty jail sentence.  The drugs that are banned are not also obvious, for example codeine is illegal whereas it’s commonly sold in most European countries.

UAE is probably a place to avoid for a relaxing carefree holiday, for it has other laws which could catch you out.  Ever felt the need to swear at someone on social media for example, a very bad move in the UAE.  A few naughty words on Whatsapp or social media platform could land you with a fine of £50000, ouch !  Do yourself a favor and be very careful what you don online in some of these countries, keep a low profile and perhaps like me use a VPN like this to stream the News and stuff because not only will it hide where you’re visiting but also will encrypt what you say online too.


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