NALP Exchange

Discussion of the Law

Month: March 2014

Florange Law is Implemented in France

There is a new law that was implemented in France last month that is being called Florange Law. The name comes from a town in North East France which was the home of the ArcelorMittal SA steelworks() which was due to close during Francois Hollande’s presidential campaign.

It’s interesting as it seems to contradict the pledge of Hollande to be more business friendly. As an industrial policy it is bound to draw huge debate from each side of the employment fence.

Basically the law will oblige the head of any business with over 1000 employees, must spend at least 3 months looking for a buyer before they are allowed to close any plant. If they don’t do so then the penalties are steep, a fine equal to 28,000 Euros for each job lost up to a cap of 2% of annual revenue.

The steelworks in question did actually close but it became a very important factor in the election of the President who made a speech to the workers at the time. This law is the fulfillment of his promise in that speech.

Trade Unions in France have been complaining that it is not sufficient to help protect the jobs of French workers who are under threat. They want much stronger incentives for companies to protect French jobs and industries.

Businessmen suggest that it is likely to do the opposite, further making France a place that large industrialists and entrepreneurs will seek to avoid due to the huge levels of Government intervention and control. Many European countries are seeking to reduce legislation and controls in order to promote business and job creation. It would seem likely that this law will further restrict France’s attraction to European businesses and manufacturers.

You can see some of the debate that this bill has provoked on French media much of which is available online. Some of the best sites like M6 Replay will stream programmes across the internet although if you are outside the country you will need a France proxy in order to access them correctly.

The reason is that like most international media sites, online content is normally restricted to the country it is broadcast in. So hence US media sites are only accessible in the US, UK stuff in Britain and French media is only visible in France and so one. The method used is to look up your IP address when you connect and then check what location you are connecting from. The site then decides whether to allow you access or to redirect you somewhere else. Fortunately if you use an intermediary serve like a proxy or VPN you can normally bypass the restrictions and watch whatever you want, wherever you happen to be.

Some of these services now have huge global coverage, allowing you to switch to hundreds of different countries whenever you need to – this site for instance demonstrates a Japanese proxy
where the user wants to access a Tokyo website which streams radio stations from Japan.

Step Back in Time – Iraq Draft Oppressive Law

There are many countries who have a shocking record of oppressing women and violating their basic human rights – but Iraq is still right up there with the worse. Last month the Iraqi Council of Ministers brought in a new law called the Ja’fari law.

The law has been named after the 6th Shi’ite imam – Ja’far al-Sadiq who founded his own school of law {well Shi’ite version of it). The law has been proposed to deal with various issues that affect women such as marriage, inheritance, divorce and the adoption of children.

The law that currently deals with these issues is called No 188 and dates back to 1959 – it is considered the most protective of women’s rights in Iraq. It stipulates various things like legal age of marriage being 18, restricting rights to polygamy, allowing Muslim males to marry outside the religion without restrictions and that a woman is allowed to disobey her husband if he treats her badly.

Fast forward to the present bill which to be honest looks like they’re heading straight back into the middle ages. The legal age of marriage will be changed to 15 for men and a horrific 9 for females. Although it can actually be even lower with the consent of a guardian! Women must receive permission to leave the marital home, and must supply men with ‘sex’ whenever they want. Husbands are not obligated to financially support any wife who cannot sexually satisfy them – for instance if they’ve married a little girl of nine.

The law has not been passed yet, it is still in draft but there is fortunately some sort of protest that may be able to halt it. Liberal Muslims and scholars have complained and pretested against the law but there are difficulties with even standing up against this sort of dark age legislation. Defenders of the draft have called it ‘Divine Sharia’ insisting it must be ratified – which makes criticizing it difficult for the voices of educated Muslims. Many already risk repercussions and often post online under pseudonyms and using security software like this – watch this video .

Women’s groups and the brave activists have taken to the street to protest though and there is some semblance of political outrage at the sectarian politicians using Islam as an excuse to cover up their corruption and the endemic violation of human rights particularly against women. This law if it comes into force will represent a step back of at least a century for Iraqi women. It is a disgusting and degrading piece of legislation and we hope it never comes to pass.

From more information on keeping yourself secure online and hiding your real IP address – please see this site on how it works .

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